Beyond the Flames
The Story
Part one
Part two
Part three
Part four
Part five
Part six
Part seven
Part eight
About this series
In their own words
Making of a disaster
The sick and the dead
Cancer Incidence
Chemicals at the site
Companies with waste at the site

Major Chemicals Found at The Wade Property

Chemical Common Uses Potential Effects

Arsenic Wood preservative, insecticides. Lung, skin, bladder, kidney and liver cancers; nausea; blood-vessel damage.
Benzene Chemical manufacture; synthetic fibers, gasoline. Leukemia, anemia, dizziness, headaches, rapid heart rate.
Chromium Metal plating, dyes, pigments. Lung cancer, skin irritation, kidney and liver damage. Birth defects in mice.
Suspected carcinogens
Methylene Chloride Solvent in drug manufacture and metal cleaning. Skin irritation, dizziness, nausea. Lung cancer in mice.
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Coolant, lubricant in electrical equipment. Nose and throat irritation, acne, rashes. Liver, kidney and skin damage in animals.
Tetrachloroethylene Dry cleaning, metal degreasing. Dizziness, nausea, skin irritation. Liver cancer in mice; kidney cancer in rats.
Chloroform Chemical manufacture. Skin sores, dizziness, liver and kidney damage. Birth defects, liver and kidney cancer in animals.
1,2-Dichloroethane Chemical manufacture, solvent, gasoline. Heart, liver, kidney, lung and nervous- system damage. Tumors in animals.
Lead Batteries, metal solder, paints. Damage to central nervous system, kidneys, immune system.
1,1-Dichloroethane Fibers, carpets, coatings, plastics manufacture. Lung, liver, nervous-system damage; Birth defects in animals.
Other chemicals
Acetone Solvent; chemical, drug, plastics manufacture. Nose, throat, skin and eye irritation; dizziness; nausea.
Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) Paints, coatings, cleaning agent. Nose, throat, skin and eye irritation.
Chlorobenzene Solvent, chemical manufacture. Headaches, nausea, vomiting. Brain, liver and kidney damage in animals.
Cyanide Chemical and plastics manufacture, electroplating. Brain and heart damage, skin irritation. Birth defects in rats.
1,2-Dichloropropane Paint and varnish remover; soil fumigant. Liver and kidney damage; dizziness, headaches and nausea. Cancer in animals.
Ethylbenzene Paints, inks, insecticides, gasoline. Eye and throat irritation, dizziness. Birth defects, liver, kidney damage in animals.
Mercury Batteries; chemical manufacture. Damage to central nervous system, kidneys; skin rashes, nausea, increased heart rate.
Toluene Gasoline, paint and chemical manufacture; rubber. Kidney damage; nausea, dizziness.
1,1,1-Trichloroethane Glue, paint, degreasers, aerosols. Dizziness, lightheadedness, skin irritation.
Trichloroethylene (TCE) Solvent, adhesives. Kidney, lung, liver and nerve damage; skin rashes.
Xylene Solvent, paint, varnishes. Headaches, dizziness; skin, eye, nose and throat irritation.
SOURCE: U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry

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